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The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained

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Welcome to the United Kingdom (and a whole lot more) explained by me, C. G. P. Grey
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The United Kingdom, England, Great Britain? Are these three the same place? Different
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places? Do British people secretly laugh those who use the terms wrongly? Who knows the answers
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to these questions? I do and Im going to tell you right now.
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For the lost: this is the world, this is the European continent and this is the place we
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have to untangle. The area shown in purple is the United Kingdom.
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Part of the confusion is that the United Kingdom is not a single country but instead is a country
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of countries. It contains inside of it four co-equal and
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sovereign nations The first of these is Englandshown here
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in red. England is often confused with the United Kingdom as a whole because its the
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largest and most populous of the nations and contains the de facto capital city, London.
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To the north is Scotland, shown in blue and to the west is wales, shown in white.
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And, often forgotten even by those in the United Kingdom, is Northern Ireland shown
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in orange. Each country has a local term for the population.
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While you can call them allBritishits not recommended as the four countries
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generally dont like each other. The Northern Irish, Scottish and Welsh regard
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the English as slave-driving colonial mastersno matter that all three have their own
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devolved Parliaments and are allowed to vote on English laws despite the reverse not being
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trueand the english generally regard the rest as rural yokels who spend too much
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time with their sheep. However, as the four constituent countries
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dont have their own passports, they are all British Citizens, like it or not.
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British Citizens of the United Kingdomwhose full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain
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and Northern Ireland. So wheres Great Britain hiding?
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Right here: the area covered in black in Great Britain. Unlike England, Scotland, Wales and
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Northern Ireland, Great Britain is a geographical term rather than a political term.
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Great Britain is the largest island among the British Isles.
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Within the United Kingdom, the termGreat Britainis often used to refer to England,
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Scotland and Wales alone with the intentional exclusion of Northern Ireland.
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This is mostly, but not completely true, as all three constituent countries have islands
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that are not part of Great Britain such as The Isle of Wight, Isles of Scilly and Lundy
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which are part of England, the Welsh Isle of Anglesey and the Scottish
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** Hebrides
** Shetland Islands
** Orkney Islands
** Islands of the Clyde
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The second biggest island in the british isles is Ireland.
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It is worth noting that Ireland is not a country. Like Great Britain, it is a geographical,
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not political, term. The Island of Ireland contain on it two countries,
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Northern Irelandwhich we have already discussedand the Republic of Ireland.
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When people say they areIrishthey are referring to the Republic of Ireland which
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is a separate country from the united kingdom. However, both the Republic of Ireland and
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the United Kingdom are members of the European Union even though England often likes to pretend
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that its an Island in the mid-atlantic rather than 50km off the cost of France. But
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thats a story for another time. To review:
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The two largest islands in the British Isles are Ireland and Great Britain. Ireland has
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on it two countriesthe republic of ireland and northern ireland, while Great Britain
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(mostly) contains three: England, Scotland and Wales. These last three, when combined
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with northern Ireland form the United Kingdom Finishedno
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There are still many unanswered questions. Such as, why, when you travel to Canada is
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there British Royalty on the money? To answer this, we need to talk about Empire.
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You cant have gone to school in the English-speaking world without having learned that the British
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Empire once spanned a 1/4th the worlds land and governed nearly a 1/4th its people.
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While it is easy to remember the part of the empire that broke away violently
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